Meditation and false memories

28 Sep

I am convinced that meditation has benefits, but could meditation also have negative consequences? A study just published in Psychological Science suggests that mindfulness meditation might increase susceptibility to false memories. Here is the abstract:

“The effect of mindfulness meditation on false-memory susceptibility was examined in three experiments. Because mindfulness meditation encourages judgment-free thoughts and feelings, we predicted that participants in the mindfulness condition would be especially likely to form false memories. In two experiments, participants were randomly assigned to either a mindfulness induction, in which they were instructed to focus attention on their breathing, or a mind-wandering induction, in which they were instructed to think about whatever came to mind. The overall number of words from the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm that were correctly recalled did not differ between conditions. However, participants in the mindfulness condition were significantly more likely to report critical nonstudied items than participants in the control condition. In a third experiment, which tested recognition and used a reality-monitoring paradigm, participants had reduced reality-monitoring accuracy after completing the mindfulness induction. These results demonstrate a potential unintended consequence of mindfulness meditation in which memories become less reliable.”

Given that meditation does resemble suggestive states, such as hypnosis, I am not completely surprised by this finding. Perhaps, meditation should be supplemented with exercises in critical thinking.

 

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