“Unfortunately policymakers have rushed into online instruction and online assessments on the assumption (untested) that there are no downsides.”
A growing number of studies conclude that students perform worse on tests when they take them online than when the questions are on paper.
A study published by MIT and conducted at the U.S. Military Academy found that the students who did not use computers scored significantly higher than those who did.
The researchers suggested that removing laptops and iPads from classes was the equivalent of improving the quality of teaching.
The study divided 726 undergraduates randomly into three groups in the 2014-15 and 2015-16 academic years. The control group’s classrooms were “technology-free,” meaning students were not allowed to use laptops or tablets at their desk. Another group was allowed to use computers and other devices, and the third group had restricted access to tablets.
“The results from our randomised experiment suggest that computer devices have a substantial negative effect on academic performance,” the researchers concluded, suggesting that the distraction…
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