Tag Archives: Lateralization of brain function

Temperaments and paw preference in cats

9 Oct

Bio-behavioral asymmetries are not unique to humans. A recent paper reports that paw preference in cats is linked to their temperament:

Research points to a relationship between lateralization and emotional functioning in humans and many species of animal. The present study explored the association between paw preferences and emotional functioning, specifically temperament, in a species thus far overlooked in this area, the domestic cat. Thirty left-pawed, 30 right-pawed, and 30 ambilateral pet cats were recruited following an assessment of their paw preferences using a food-reaching challenge. The animals’ temperament was subsequently assessed using the Feline Temperament Profile (FTP). Cats’ owners also completed a purpose-designed cat temperament (CAT) scale. Analysis revealed a significant relationship between lateral bias and FTP and CAT scale scores. Ambilateral cats had lower positive (FTP+) scores, and were perceived as less affectionate, obedient, friendly, and more aggressive, than left or right-pawed animals. Left and right pawed cats differed significantly on 1 trait on the CAT scale, namely playfulness. The strength of the cats’ paw preferences was related to the animals’ FTP and CAT scores. Cats with a greater strength of paw preference had higher FTP+ scores than those with a weaker strength of paw preference. Animals with stronger paw preferences were perceived as more confident, affectionate, active, and friendly than those with weaker paw preferences. Results suggest that motor laterality in the cat is strongly related to temperament and that the presence or absence of lateralization has greater implications for the expression of emotion in this species than the direction of the lateralized bias. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

Does hand clenching improve memory?

14 Jul

The claim that a hand clenching procedure may improve memory has received a lot of attention in the media.

Here is a typical description:

“Clenching your right hand may help create a stronger memory of an event or action, and clenching your left hand may help you recall the memory later, according to a new study.”

My first advice when you hear a claim about a new memory breakthrough is to look at the original research.  Google Scholar  makes that easy. The paper, “Getting a Grip on Memory: Unilateral Hand Clenching Alters Episodic Recall” can be found here.

The first thing you will notice is that many of the media reports make errors in their descriptions of the research. For example, the study is not about fist clenching but about clenching a rubber ball.

That aside, is the claim plausible? The think the answer is yes.  There is a hypothesis called the Hemispheric Encoding/Retrieval Asymmetry model  which suggests that regions in the left hemisphere of the brain are involved in storing information into long term memory while areas of right hemisphere are involved in retrieving that information. In addition, there is evidence that clenching a ball in one hand increased the activity of the brain hemisphere on the opposite side of the body.

However, plausible is not the same as true. We need to assess the quality of the evidence and this study seems flawed in a number of ways. This response to the paper does a good job of explaining some these flaws. The bottom line is that the research does not provide convincing evidence for its claim.

This does not mean that the claim is untrue? A fair statement would be that the jury is still out until more rigorous research is conducted.

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